Asma ul Husna (Names of Allah)

Al Malik – The Absolute Ruler

 

الملك (The Absolute Ruler)

From the root  ملك which has the following classical Arabic connotations:

to possess, to own exclusively

to exercise authority to command

to have power over, command, reign

to have dominion over, to have ruling power

to have kingship

The One who is the owner and ruler of this world. The One who has supreme authority, and who is relied upon by everyone. The One who has all ruling power over all beings, and is ruled by none. The one who is not in need of any existing thing but everything in existence is in need of him. He is independent of everything and the creation is dependent on Him for all needs. Al Malik is the one who is indispensable.

This name is exclusive to Allah, and human beings cannot keep this name for themselves:

Narrated Al-A’raj: that Abu Hurairah conveyed to him that the Prophet () said: “The most despicable name to Allah on the Day of Judgement is that of a man named King of Kings. (Malikil-Amlak). (Tirmidhi)

We have been given temporary kingship in the dunya but we are not the true owners of anything. It can be removed from us at any time, and when we die, the ownership is transferred to our heirs.

قُلِ اللَّهُمَّ مَالِكَ الْمُلْكِ تُؤْتِي الْمُلْكَ مَن تَشَاءُ وَتَنزِعُ الْمُلْكَ مِمَّن تَشَاءُ وَتُعِزُّ مَن تَشَاءُ وَتُذِلُّ مَن تَشَاءُ ۖ بِيَدِكَ الْخَيْرُ ۖ إِنَّكَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ – 3:26

Say, “O Allah, Owner of Sovereignty, You give sovereignty to whom You will and You take sovereignty away from whom You will. You honor whom You will and You humble whom You will. In Your hand is [all] good. Indeed, You are over all things competent.

Even though in this world we may have some level of authority, there will no authority besides Allah on the Day of Qiyamah:

يَوْمَ هُم بَارِزُونَ ۖ لَا يَخْفَىٰ عَلَى اللَّهِ مِنْهُمْ شَيْءٌ ۚ لِّمَنِ الْمُلْكُ الْيَوْمَ ۖ لِلَّهِ الْوَاحِدِ الْقَهَّارِ – 40:16

The Day they come forth nothing concerning them will be concealed from Allah . To whom belongs [all] sovereignty this Day? To Allah, the One, the Prevailing.

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet () said, 

يَقْبِضُ اللَّهُ الأَرْضَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ، وَيَطْوِي السَّمَاءَ بِيَمِينِهِ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ أَنَا الْمَلِكُ أَيْنَ مُلُوكُ الأَرْضِ

“On the Day of Resurrection Allah will hold the whole earth and fold the heaven with His right hand and say, ‘I am the King: where are the kings of the earth?” ‘ (Bukhari)

‘Abd Allah b. ‘Umar reported the Messenger of Allah (May peace be upon him) as saying:

Allah will fold the heavens an the day of Resurrection, then seizing them in His right hand he will say: I am the king. Where are the mighty men? Where are the proud men? He will then fold the earths and take them in his other hand (According to the version of Ibn al-Ala), and then say ; 

أَنَا الْمَلِكُ أَيْنَ الْجَبَّارُونَ أَيْنَ الْمُتَكَبِّرُونَ

I am the King. Where are the mighty men? Where are the proud men? (Sunan Abi Dawud)

PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS OF THIS NAME IN OUR LIVES:

1. Humility

When a person knows that Allah owns everything it makes us humble, and protects us from the love of the material things of dunya.

We should make it a point to avoid saying: This is MINE. We should remind ourselves that our ownership over everything is temporary, and everything truly belongs to Allah.  Allah is the مالك حقيقى. Allah is the true Sovereign, who allowed us to share the authority over things for a short period, and it is His right to take it away.

Ml Zakariya said that his father rebuked him for saying “my pillow” and he realized later in life that this was to teach him a very important lesson: Everything belongs to Allah and nothing is ours.

Never be arrogant, and keep reminding yourself that you are an ‘abd (slave) of Al-Malik, no matter how rich or self-sufficient you might feel.

2.Dealing with loss and grief

If we lose something, we must remind ourselves that Allah is the true owner and I was allowed to share in some of its ownership temporarily. Our life, our health, our time, our wealth etc, everything truly belongs to Allah. It will help us to deal with things and have sabr.

الَّذِينَ إِذَا أَصَابَتْهُم مُّصِيبَةٌ قَالُوا إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ – 2:156

Who, when disaster strikes them, say, “Indeed we belong to Allah, and indeed to Him we will return.”

3.Controlling one’s desires and developing self control

Be a king(of your desires) in this world, and you will be a king in the next world.

A King has subjects through which He rules the kingdom. Similarly, we have body parts, nafs and emotions, which are the subject to us.  If we want to be a true king in this world, we need to have authority and control over our body parts, our tongues, our hearts, our emotions and desires. If we develop control over our body parts, instead of letting our body parts control us, we will become true kings and owners of our body. If we can master our nafs and animal instincts, then we are true owners of our existence. If we let our desires and nafs control us, then we become slaves to them. The real sovereignty in this world for us is to strive for self-control. Remember: Desire can turn kings into slaves and patience can turn slaves into kings!

4.Protection from shirk

Recognizing Allah as Al-Malik will protect us from al lforms of shirk and increase our Imaan.

5.Staying within the limits of Al-Malik.

Would you drive 60 mph while in a 30 mph zone when you know a camera is recording everything and you will be fined for transgressing? In our daily lives, we keep reminding ourselves to remain within the bounds set by Allah, al-Malik, the King, while keeping the consequences of our actions in mind.

6. Making dua to Al-Malik.

Whenever you feel disheartened tell yourself Allah ‘azza wa jall is your Malik and you are part of His Kingdom. He does whatever He wants [Quran 36:82] and when something “bad” happens to you, know this is from His wisdom and that no matter how impossible your situation or ambitions seem, you can always ask Him only for a way out. Nothing is impossible for Al-Malik.

7. Justice and fairness

All kings and owners, just or unjust, are low compared to Al-Malik. You are responsible for whatever you have authority over, and you will be accountable for it. So be just to all creation, and remind yourself that you will be dealt with by the King on the Day of Judgement.

8. Praise Al-Malik.

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Messenger () said,” Whoever says:

لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

“La ilaha illal-lah wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahu-l-mulk wa lahul- hamd wa huwa ‘ala kulli shai’in qadir,” one hundred times will get the same reward as given for manumitting ten slaves; and one hundred good deeds will be written in his accounts, and one hundred sins will be deducted from his accounts, and it (his saying) will be a shield for him from Satan on that day till night, and nobody will be able to do a better deed except the one who does more than he.” (Bukhari)

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