Asma ul Husna (Names of Allah)

السلام As-Salam – The Source of peace

This name is mentioned only once in the Qur’an:

هُوَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْمَلِكُ الْقُدُّوسُ السَّلَامُ الْمُؤْمِنُ الْمُهَيْمِنُ الْعَزِيزُ الْجَبَّارُ الْمُتَكَبِّرُ ۚ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ – 59:23

He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him.

Our religion اسلام and our identity as مسلم is from the same root سلم. We greet each other with اسلام عليكم

Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “As-Salam (peace) is one of the Names of Allah Almighty which Allah has placed in the earth. Therefore give the greeting among yourselves.” (Al Adab Al Mufrad)

Salaam is commonly understood as peace. But, it has a deeper meaning beyond peace. Salaam is the absence of all evil and harm.

The meaning of As-Salam:

1. As-Salaam is the being who is complete in His essence and perfect in ذات، صفات، افعال. Allah is perfect in every single aspect, and is free of all imperfections, evil, deficiencies and associates.

2.Allah is the source of all salaam (safety, peace and security). He grants peace to all creation, and the believers have security from every fear by turning to Allah. Allah is ultimate source of protection, and He protect us 24/7 in unimaginable and innumerable ways.

3. Allah is the One who will greet the believers with salaam in Jannah.

سَلَامٌ قَوْلًا مِّن رَّبٍّ رَّحِيمٍ – 36:58

[And] “Peace,” a word from a Merciful Lord.

 

IMPORTANCE OF SALAM:

1.Salam was the first word taught to Adam AS by Allah:

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

The Prophet () said, “When Allah created Adam (), He said to him: ‘Go and greet that company of angels who are sitting there – and then listen to what they are going to say in reply to your greetings because that will be your greeting and your off-spring’s.’ Adam () said to the angels: ‘As-Salamu ‘Alaikum (may you be safe from evil).’ They replied: ‘As-Salamu ‘Alaikum wa Rahmatullah (may you be safe from evil, and Mercy of Allah be upon you).’ Thus adding in reply to him: ‘wa Rahmatullah (and Mercy of Allah)’ to his greeting.” [Al- Bukhari and Muslim].

2.The first command given by Prophet (ﷺ) when he entered Madinah, was to spread the salaam:

‘Abdullah bin Salam (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

I heard the Messenger of Allah () saying, “O people, exchange greetings of peace (i.e., say: As-Salamu ‘Alaikum to one another), feed people, strengthen the ties of kinship, and be in prayer when others are asleep, you will enter Jannah in peace.”[At- Tirmidhi].

 

3.Akhirah is also known as Dar ul Salaam (the home of peace) and Allah invites people to it, as mentioned in the Qur’an:

وَاللَّهُ يَدْعُو إِلَىٰ دَارِ السَّلَامِ وَيَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ إِلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ – 10:25

And Allah invites to the Home of Peace and guides whom He wills to a straight path

When you’re given an invite, it is your choice to get ready and prepare in time, or turn down the invite. Akhirah is Dar us Salam because we can never attain absolute peace in this dunya. But in Jannah, there will be complete peace and the greetings of people will be ‘salaam’, and the believers receive salaam from Allah Himself! There is only one way to get to Dar ul Salam: by following the path of Salaam. When we submit ourselves to Allah by accepting Islam, we follow the path of Salaam to reach Dar us Salam.

4. The most precarious situations to which human beings are exposed are three: The time of birth, the time of death, and the time of resurrection. Allah protects us at these three times. Allah mentions that He honoured Yahya AS in all these three situations, granting him peace, safety and security against their woes. He saved him from the perils of all these three situations and granted him security against fear:

وَسَلَامٌ عَلَيْهِ يَوْمَ وُلِدَ وَيَوْمَ يَمُوتُ وَيَوْمَ يُبْعَثُ حَيًّا – 19:15

And peace be upon him the day he was born and the day he dies and the day he is raised alive.

5.When the angels take the rooh of a believer, they give salaam to them.

الَّذِينَ تَتَوَفَّاهُمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ طَيِّبِينَ ۙ يَقُولُونَ سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمُ ادْخُلُوا الْجَنَّةَ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ – 16:32

The ones whom the angels take in death, [being] good and pure; [the angels] will say, “Peace be upon you. Enter Paradise for what you used to do.”

جَنَّاتُ عَدْنٍ يَدْخُلُونَهَا وَمَن صَلَحَ مِنْ آبَائِهِمْ وَأَزْوَاجِهِمْ وَذُرِّيَّاتِهِمْ ۖ وَالْمَلَائِكَةُ يَدْخُلُونَ عَلَيْهِم مِّن كُلِّ بَابٍ – 13:23

سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُم بِمَا صَبَرْتُمْ ۚ فَنِعْمَ عُقْبَى الدَّارِ – 13:24

Gardens of perpetual residence; they will enter them with whoever were righteous among their fathers, their spouses and their descendants. And the angels will enter upon them from every gate, [saying], “Peace be upon you for what you patiently endured. And excellent is the final home.”

6. Allah sent Salaam to Khadija R.A. through Jibril AS

Narrated Abu Huraira: Jibril AS came to the Prophet () and said, “O Allah’s Messenger ()! This is Khadija coming to you with a dish having meat soup (or some food or drink). When she reaches you, greet her on behalf of her Lord (i.e. Allah) and on my behalf, and give her the glad tidings of having a Qasab palace in Paradise wherein there will be neither any noise nor any fatigue (trouble) . “(Bukhari)

PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS OF THIS NAME IN OUR LIVES:

1.Spread the greetings of Salam

It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said:

“The Messenger of Allah () said: ‘By the One in whose Hand is my soul! You will not enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not (truly) believe until you love one another. Shall I not tell you of something which, if you do it, you will love one another? Spread the greetings of Salam amongst yourselves.’” (Sunan Ibn Majah)

It has a literal and figurative meaning. The way to increase love is to verbally say salaam, and to also be source of peace and security for others.

Four acts that increase love among people:

1.Saying salam

2.Making place for people in a gathering

3. Calling people by names that they like

4.Saying good things about them in their absence, covering up their faults and making dua for them.

وَعِبَادُ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الَّذِينَ يَمْشُونَ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ هَوْنًا وَإِذَا خَاطَبَهُمُ الْجَاهِلُونَ قَالُوا سَلَامًا – 25:63

And the servants of the Most Merciful are those who walk upon the earth easily, and when the ignorant address them [harshly], they say [words of] peace,

Whenever we say salam, we remind ourselves and others of Allah, as it is Allah’s name, and it will be a source of reward for us.

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

Messenger of Allah () said, “When one of you meets a brother (in Faith) he should greet him. Then if a tree or a wall or a stone intervenes between them and then he meets him again, he should greet him.” [Abu Dawud].

Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

Messenger of Allah () said to me, “Dear son, when you enter your house, say As- Salamu ‘Alaikum to your family, for it will be a blessing both to you and to your family.” [At-Tirmidhi].

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger () as saying:

Six are the rights of a Muslim over another Muslim. It was said to him: Allah’s Messenger, what are these? Thereupon he said: When you meet him, offer him greetings;when he invites you to a feast accept it. when he seeks your council give him, and when he sneezes and says:” All praise is due to Allah,” you say Yarhamuk Allah (may Allah show mercy to you) ; and when he fails ill visit him; and when he dies follow his bier. (Sahih Muslim)

Abu Umamah Sudaiy bin `Ajlan Al-Bahili (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

The Messenger of Allah () said, “The person nearest to Allah is one who is the first to offer greeting.” [Abu Dawud].

The narration in At-Tirmidhi is: The Messenger of Allah () was asked: “O Messenger of Allah! When two persons meet, who should greet the other first?” The Messenger of Allah () said, “The person nearest to Allah (i.e., one who is more obedient and therefore closer to Allah will say: As-Salam first.”

‘Imran bin Husain (May Allah be pleased with them) reported:

A man came to the Prophet () and said: “As-Salamu ‘Alaikum (may you be safe from evil). Messenger of Allah () responded to his greeting and the man sat down. The Prophet () said, “Ten (meaning the man had earned the merit of ten good acts).” Another one came and said: “As-Salamu ‘Alaikum wa Rahmatullah (may you be safe from evil, and Mercy of Allah be upon you).” Messenger of Allah () responded to his greeting and the man sat down. Messenger of Allah () said, “Twenty.” A third one came and said: “As-Salamu ‘Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu (may you be safe from evil, and the Mercy of Allah and His Blessings be upon you).” Messenger of Allah () responded to his greeting and the man sat down. Messenger of Allah () said, “Thirty.” [Abu Dawud and At- Tirmidhi].

Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin Al-‘as (May Allah be pleased with them) reported:

A man asked the Messenger of Allah (): “Which act in Islam is the best?” He () replied, “To give food, and to greet everyone, whether you know or you do not.”[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

Messenger of Allah () said, ‘A rider should greet a pedestrian; a pedestrian should greet one who is sitting; and a small group should greet a large group (of people).’’ [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

The narration in Al-Bukhari adds: Messenger of Allah () said, “The young should greet the elderly.”

Abu Umamah Sudaiy bin `Ajlan Al-Bahili (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

The Messenger of Allah () said, “The person nearest to Allah is one who is the first to offer greeting.”[Abu Dawud].

Note: We cannot send Salaam to Allah, as Allah is the ultimate source of Salaam.

2.Practice upon Islam as it is the ultimate source of peace, and will lead us to Dar as Salam.

3. Make Dua for سلامتى:

’Aishah said: When the Prophet () uttered taslim, he used to say: 

 اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ السَّلاَمُ وَمِنْكَ السَّلاَمُ تَبَارَكْتَ يَا ذَا الْجَلاَلِ وَالإِكْرَامِ ” 

“O Allah, You are As-Salam, and from you is As-Salam. You are blessed, O One of Magnificence and Generosity.”(Sunan Abi Dawud)

4.In a state of fear and difficulty, remind ourselves and have yaqeen that Allah is the Ultimate source of protection and security. Nobody can cause any harm to the one Allah has protected. This tawakkul will lead to sukoon in even the most difficult of circumstances.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s